Composition has always been an important subject when studying photography. With proper composition, you can make your photos look more focused and take more story-telling photos. It is also a key to improving your photography skills. The website COOPH is easy to use, among the photos of the classic “Afghan Girl” by photographer Steve McCurry, these 9 important composition skills have been created, let’s learn together!


COOPH Instructional Video

(Composition 1) Rule of Thirds

Put the subject in the intersection of the three-point method.

Rule of Thirds

(Composition 2) Leading Lines

Guide viewers eyes with real or virtual lines.

Leading LInes

(Composition 3) Diagonals

Diagonal lines can add vitality to photos without being dull.


(Composition 4) Framing

Using real or virtual objects such as windows or doors, as frames.


(Composition 5) Contrast (Figure to Ground)

Find a contrast between foreground and background.

Figure to Ground

(Composition 6) Fill the Frame

Shooting as close to your subject as possible can bring a sense of impact and make the photo more compact.

Fill the Frame

(Composition 7) Center Dominant Eye

Use when taking portraits, center the main eye of the portrait.

Center Dominant Eye

(Composition 8) Patterns and Repetition

It is possible to photograph textures and duplicates, but it is better to capture the moment when these textures are destroyed.

Patterns and Repetition

(Composition 9) Symmetry

Using Symmetrical Composition can increase the balance of photos and make viewers feel more comfortable.


To Sum it Up

Steve McCurry also pointed out that composition is important, but don’t stick to the rules. The most important thing is to enjoy shooting and use photos to express your personal style and feeling! Students remember to also refer to this article, it will definitely help you improve your photography skills!

(via PetaPixel with photos by Steve McCurry)

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Author: Alex Tam