I have studied photography for more than 10 years. Looking back, I have summarized some mistakes that can occur when I begin to learn photography. Here are 4 common mistakes made by novices to see if you have experienced them?

(Error 1) No Exposure Compensation (+/- EV)

Now digital cameras are getting more advanced and metering is smart, but in some very light or dark environments, it can go wrong. Here are some examples:

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“Photo contains a lot of sky or sun”,”The camera thinks it is very light and will make the photo underexposed”,”+ EV”
“The photo contains many black things such as graduation robes”,”The camera thinks it is dark and makes the photo Overexposure”,”-EV”
“Photographing in the snow”,”The camera thought it was very light, it would reduce the exposure and make the snow gray”,”+ EV”

When we teach classmates in the photography training class, we will have a formula:

“When light meets light (+ EV), when it meets darkness (-EV)”

If you want to learn more about exposure compensation, you can refer to this article: Use exposure compensation (+/- EV) to easily fine-tune photos

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(Error 2) Dare Not Use High ISO

Like many students who are new to photography, I didn’t dare to use high ISO when I first learned photography, because I felt that there should be no noise in the photos! In fact, this is too much consideration. Nowadays, digital cameras are very powerful, and ISO noise control has been well done. Generally, ISO1600 and ISO3200 noise are acceptable. If a full-frame camera is used, it is inherently more advantageous, and ISO12800 can be commonly used! Therefore, when shooting now, I prefer to use a high ISO, rather than shake the picture. In fact, shooting with RAW files and then using computer post-production software to reduce noise also have better performance!

Reference: High ISO could be good too! 4 ways to make the most of high sensitivity

In the low-light environment, the ISO can be increased to keep the photos sharp. (50mm f / 2.8 ISO5600)

In the low-light environment, the ISO can be increased to keep the photos sharp when held in the hand.
(50mm f / 2.8 ISO5600)

(Error 3) Careless Handling of Highlights

I often made this mistake before, because I didn’t care much about the “highlight overflow” position in the photos. Usually, these locations will appear white in the photo, there is no information at all, and they cannot be restored with post-production, so these overflow locations are also called “dead white”. In order to avoid these situations, we must handle high light levels carefully, such as the sun, sky, lights, etc. Do not overexpose and make them “dead white”, otherwise these positions will be very eye-catching and destroy the beauty of the entire photo.


In fact, the camera will also have a built-in highlight detection function.


(Error 4) The Importance of Ignoring Depth of Field

In the past, taking pictures was mainly “recording”. Especially when traveling, I often only take “taking a trip” photos. There is no sense of art, and of course I don’t know what the depth of field is. Depth of field control is a subject that novices must learn. Deep depth of field is used to make the whole picture clear and suitable for shooting large scenes. Shallow depth of field can blur the background and highlight the subject. It is often used in portrait photography or close-up works Be sure to learn! If you don’t know how to shoot shallow depth of field, please refer to this tutorial: 3 Tips for Shooting “Shallow Depth of Field”.

Shallow depth of field can highlight the subject and is a very useful technique. (photo by {link: https: //www.flickr.com/photos/naturegeak/10486678446/} Brandon Giesbrecht {/ link}

Shallow depth of field can highlight the subject and is a very useful technique.
photo by Brandon Giesbrecht

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Author: Alex Tam