Beginners must have a basic understanding of using equipment (such as metering and focusing). Composition is also very important. Good composition is very important in taking amazing photos. I will introduce you to different composition rules, mistakes, and different methods, so you can get started quickly. Now let’s take a look at some basic rules of composition!
(1) Appropriate Choice
Many beginners make this mistake: trying to take everything they see in one photo. As a result, the photo would be too complicated, cluttered and lack of subject. Remember, the viewers want to see the theme and message you want to express. The first rule is to understand the trade-offs and make appropriate choices and losses. Do not put both a fish and bear paw together it will throw off the theme of the photo.
(B) The Major and Minor
The main character is the subject and is what the photographer wants to express the most. Second is the supporting character, which is used to complement the main character. In the photo, we can use the foreground, medium shot, background, depth of field, distance, location, color, and more, to achieve a distinction between the primary and secondary subjects, so that viewers have a deep impression.
(3) Use Symmetry and Balance
In addition to theme, composition has to be “balanced”. It cannot be crooked or the viewer will not enjoy it. When shooting, you can try to balance the picture with “visual” weight. A book I read summarizes “visual weight” as follows:
- Thick Lines are Heavier than Minor Lines
- Near than Far
- Rocks are Heavier than Trees
- Trees are Heavier than Water
(D) Composition Must be Stable
Stable doesn’t mean the picture has a “Thin head and Thin body” or “Upper and Lower Light.” It is not necessary to make each photo square, straight, or impartial. This is also related to. symmetrical balance (3).
(V) Application Comparison
We can use contrast to highlight the theme. There are 5 contrast methods to make good use of:
Light and Shade: use light and darkness to bring out the theme
Size: Use size comparison to highlight the theme.
Far and Close: Use distant scenery to highlight near subjects (or vice versa).
Height: Height is important for tall buildings, you can look up to take the photo to show height.
(F) Echo Each Other
Echoing each other can be considered as a continuation of contrast. Sometimes two independent things appear on the same screen and an interesting “connection” occurs, giving the reader a fantasy space. For example, the appearance of babies can connect with adults. Look at the following example:
These are just some basic composition techniques, no matter how you apply composition the most important thing is to make the viewer comfortable. It can bring out the deep meaning of the photo. There will be a separate article on problems encountered in actual composition.
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Author: Alex Tam